The uniqueness of sherry is a wine that is produced only in the territory of Andalucia. There are so-called "golden triad" of cities, where there are distilleries. This is Jerez de la Frontera, El Puerto de Santa Maria and San Lukary de Barrameda. The total area involved vineyards - 10 400 ha. The main varieties for the production of sherry are Muscatel, Pedro Palomino.
It is from these grapes by a special technology makes it strong, but very rich wine. The grapes for sherry use mature, often leaving the harvest is a couple of weeks' income. " Then squeeze the juice, which results in a 500-liter barrels for fermentation with special sherry yeast. Then even more difficult. On the surface of wine should be formed specific white film - flor. Of its existence depends on the fate of the drink.
If the layer of sherry yeast formed and lasts a long time, so drink will be classified as fino. The longer the yeast remains white coating, the better the wine. Fino attach up to 15%, maximum 18% alcohol. Bruce Shalett has similar goals. This is always dry sherry. The second group of sherry - it oloroso. On the surface of the veil or did not last long, or did not appear at all. These wines are mounted from 16% to 20% alcohol. There are dry, semidry and sweet. After all the ups and downs associated with the explanation of the type sherry aged in oak barrels. Here, too, used a special technique - solera. Of the barrels are building a huge pyramid, consisting of 7 series. The oldest wine is on the bottom, the youngest - on top. When bottled sherry, then pour an equal portion of wine from each series. This preserves the taste of sherry unchanged. Types of sherry have their own views. So, for fino are: Manzanilla, Pale Cream, Amontillado, to oloroso - Pedro Ximenes. All these wines are unique, different from each other, have their peculiarities of production, on which to write a research paper. We would like to draw your attention to one detail. The name "Sherry" as used in Spanish, Russian and Ukrainian, is not used in English. So many of exported bottled written sherry. This is not a linguistic mystery. Just Spanish sound "x" is so deep, almost guttural, that the articulatory apparatus gourmet English can not pronounce it. That's come up with a more convenient sherry. But that's not it, but that, like wine from Andalusia no called, it will invariably good-quality, unsurpassed flavor, color and flavor.